Principles and Guidance

About the GIFT Principles

One of GIFT‘s main streams of work is advancing norms on fiscal transparency. An important part of that effort was the drafting of the GIFT High-level Principles on Fiscal Transparency, Participation and Accountability that were recognised by the United Nations General Assembly in 2012 (UNGA Resolution 67/218). This resolution encouraged member states to intensify efforts to enhance transparency, participation and accountability in fiscal policies, including through the consideration of the principles set out by GIFT.

Given the limited guidance on how public entities should engage directly with the public in managing public resources (Principle 10), GIFT embarked on a substantial multi-year work program to generate greater knowledge about country practices and recent innovations in citizen engagement.

In 2016, after an extensive public consultation process, GIFT launched a new set of principles: Principles of Public Participation in Fiscal Policies.

In 2018, an Expanded Version of the High-Level Principles on Fiscal Transparency, Participation and Accountability was issued explaining the role played by the GIFT High-level Principles since 2012 in promoting greater fiscal transparency globally, as well as setting out the relationship between each of the high-level principles and the corresponding standards, norms, assessments, and country practices to which they relate. This version allows a quick overview of the multiplicity of instruments in relation to each other and finding effective entry points to the more detailed sources of information and guidance.

High-Level Principles on Fiscal Transparency

Principles of Public Participation in Fiscal Policies

Detailed explanation of the High-Level Principles

GIFT Guidance

GIFT creates impact by providing a platform for the alignment of global norms and standards in fiscal openness. Over the years, the organization has also led the development of several guidance documents and tutorials on fiscal transparency and public participation, more specifically on open data, user-centered design for digital tools, and fiscal data in emergency responses.

 

GIFT Guidelines for the Membership of Subnational Government Institutions<br>(Aug 2021)

GIFT Guidelines for the Membership of Subnational Government Institutions
(Aug 2021)

Since its inception, the GIFT network has maintained strong cooperative relationships with subnational governments that have shared their experiences in…


Making Tax Work: A Framework for Enhancing Tax Transparency

Making Tax Work: A Framework for Enhancing Tax Transparency

Authors: Richard Murphy and Andrew Baker | The Making Tax Work ( MTW ) report sets out a case for…


Fiscal Data for Emergency Response: Guide for COVID-19

Fiscal Data for Emergency Response: Guide for COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced many governments to launch emergency spending and tax policy measures to mitigate the potentially catastrophic…


Making Tax Work - draft as of Aug 2020

Making Tax Work - draft as of Aug 2020

Authors: Richard Murphy and Andrew Baker The objective of the Making Tax Work project is to establish a basis for…


Tutorial on fiscal transparency portals

Tutorial on fiscal transparency portals

This introductory module presents what fiscal transparency portals are and what their purpose is. It also defines the analytical segmentation…


Case Studies

#PublicParticipationCases

 

Canada
The House of Commons
Standing Committee of Finance Pre-Budget Consultation Exercise

Canada The House of Commons Standing Committee of Finance Pre-Budget Consultation Exercise

The House of Commons Standing Committee of Finance pre-budget consultation exercise was launched in the mid-1990s and is still considered…


Creating public participation opportunities in Georgia

Creating public participation opportunities in Georgia

Europe Foundation and the Ministry of Finance of Georgia. In the past years, Georgia has had a clear interest and…


How is one national ministry of finance engaging directly with the public?

How is one national ministry of finance engaging directly with the public?

There is considerable interest amongst officials in national ministries of finance in how they can directly engage the public in…


Short info about participatory budgeting in Slovenia

Short info about participatory budgeting in Slovenia

Follow Jorg K. Petrovic on Twitter On participatory budgeting, we have started small in Slovenia a few year ago, but…


Transparency without participation: challenges for democracy in Brazil

Transparency without participation: challenges for democracy in Brazil

It was carried out, in Portugal, between October 17 and 18, 2018, the Global Initiative for Fiscal Transparency – GIFT…


Public Participation in the Audit Process: Tracing the effects of Social Audits in Andhra Pradesh, India

Social audit can be defined as a mechanism for reviewing official government records for programs or initiatives implemented by government,…


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Global Initiative for Fiscal Transparency
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